University of the Philippines Los Baños
Horizon online
The UPLB Horizon is a newspaper/magazine that features articles on instruction, research and public service initiatives and programs, as well as information of general interest to UPLB and its publics. Some articles that are featured in it appear on the UPLB website. For contributions, email [email protected].



MANILA, Philippines - The University of the Philippines (UP) remained the country's top university based on the latest rankings released by QS University Rankings: Asia, leading four other Philippine schools in the list of Asia's best universities.

The country's premier university ranked 63rd in the region, improving by four spots from last year. Ateneo de Manila University was the second highest Philippine university at 115th, although it dropped from 109th in 2013. The University of Santo Tomas came in third, jumping by nine places from last year to 141st this year. De La Salle University remained within the 151st-160th range while previously unranked Ateneo de Davao University entered the list at 251st-300th. The University of Southeastern Philippines, which ranked within the 251st-300th range last year, was no longer in the list.

The National University of Singapore topped the rankings, followed by the Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology, University of Hong Kong, Seoul National University and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.

“The improvement in the scores can be attributed to our continuing efforts to increase funds and incentives for research, upgrading our facilities and laboratories, proving support for PhD and Master’s scholarships, recruiting faculty through the Balik-PhD Program and Visiting Professors Program, giving greater incentive for honor graduates to teach in UP, and pursuing internationalization,” UP President Alfredo Pascual said.

The rankings followed a methodology which used nine indicators that include academic reputation from global survey (30 percent), employer reputation from global survey (10 percent), papers per faculty (15 percent), citations per paper (15 percent), faculty student ratio (20 percent), proportion of international students (2.5 percent), proportion of international faculty (2.5 percent), proportion of inbound exchange students (2.5 percent) and proportion of outbound exchange students (2.5 percent).

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Oh yes, you are reading it right. UPLB is “melting the new gold.”

A pioneering nanotechnology study conducted by scientists at the UPLB National Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (BIOTECH) is exploring the potentials of plantgrowth- promoting bacteria (PGPB) in the biosynthesis of nanogold.

Dr. Lilia M. Fernando, Dr. Florinia E. Merca, and Dr. Erlinda S. Paterno are looking at how nanogold could be produced in large quantities using PGPB as this could bring down medical diagnostic and treatment costs especially against a dreaded disease - cancer.

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That fish need a boat to survive seems counterintuitive, but Fish Ark Philippines aims to be that life boat for threatened and endangered freshwater fishes

Inspired by the iconic Noah’s ark, this conservation program funded by the Department of Science and Technology aims to ensure that there will be enough number of species for repopulation.

This inspiration is backed by a strategy that combines research, captive breeding, and local education as a model for conservation.

The program arose from the personal crusade of Ivan Dibble, an English hobbyist, who founded Fish Ark Mexico to help save Mexico’s endemic goodeids.

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Corn had been touted as a “poor man’s rice” for years. The rice shortage in the 1960s that forced many Filipinos to eat inferior rice mixed with rough corn grits left a harsh memory. Except probably in the Visayas, where white corn is a staple food of 14 million or 20 percent of the population, many Filipinos will eat corn as rice only if there is no rice.

No wonder then that Congressman Manny Pacquiao, who grew up in the Visayas, was chosen by the Department of Agriculture (DA) to ‘champion’ the eating of white corn in the country. The world boxing hero “ate ground white corn as a substitute of rice and fish” when he was a kid.

His stamina, like other athletes, is said to be boosted by eating corn. Nutty and slow to digest, white corn contains protein (3.2 grams) and minerals such as manganese, magnesium, copper, and zinc. It also has fiber, fat, folate, iron, niacin, and phosphorus.

So when he brandishes on video (YouTube): “This is the food of champions like me. Let’s eat corn for a stronger and healthier body!” that hits like a powerful jab.

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Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is an Asian crop considered as an important staple food in most countries. Originating from Central America, it is a herbaceous perennial vine that has white and purple flowers, large nutritious storage roots, and heart-shaped lobed leaves. It is now widely grown in tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate regions, including the Philippines. In fact, the volume of production of sweet potato in the Philippines in 2012 was 516,365.52 metric tons.

Throughout Asia, people process sweet potato for snacks such as chips or animal feeds. Its tubers contain carbohydrates (21 g), protein (2 g), sodium (36 mg), Vitamin A (19,218), Vitamin C (20 mg), and calcium (38 mg). Sweet potato is rich in dietary fiber, calcium, complex carbohydrates, and anti-oxidants. According to Shahidul Islam, the young tops of the upper growth- the leafy vegetables – is rich in vitamin B, ßcarotene, iron, calcium, zinc and protein.

UPLB through the Institute of Plant Breeding, is continuously developing new and improved varieties that are resistant to pests and maximizing the potential of sweet potato in the country.

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